Kultum – Pengertian, Syarat Wajib, Rukun, Syarat Sah Puasa

July 30, 2011 at 10:13 am Leave a comment

 

Marhaban Ya Ramadhan

PENGERTIAN PUASA

  • Puasa artinya menahan diri dari makan dan minum dan dari segala perbuatan yang boleh membatalkan puasa, mulai terbit fajar hinggalah terbenam matahari.

    PUASA WAJIB
  • Puasa bulan Ramadan, puasa kifarat dan puasa nazar.

 PUASA SUNAT

  • Puasa enam hari pada bulan Syawal
  • Puasa hari Arafah
  • Puasa Hari Asyura pada 10 Muharam
  • Puasa bulan Syaaban
  • Puasa Isnin dan Khamis
  • Puasa tengah bulan iaitu 13,14,15 pada tiap-tiap bulan qamaria (tahun Hijrah)

    PUASA MAKRUH
  • Puasa yang terus menerus sepanjang masa
  • Tidak termasuk dua hari raya dan hari tasyriq

    PUASA HARAM
  • Puasa pada hari raya pertama Idil Fitri
  • Puasa pada hari raya pertama Haji
  • ·         Puasa tiga hari sesudah hari raya haji atau hari tasyriq iaitu pada 11,12, dan 13 Zulhijjah.

    SYARAT WAJIB PUASA
  • Islam
  • Berakal
  • Akhir Baligh (Cukup umur)
  • Kuat atau mampu mengerjakan puasa

    SYARAT SAH PUASA
  • Islam
  • Mumayyiz (dapat membezakan yang baik dan buruk)
  • Suci daripada haid dan nifas
  • Dalam waktu yang dibolehkan berpuasa.

    RUKUN PUASA
  • Berniat – Pada malam selama bulan Ramadhan hendaklah berniat di dalam hati bahawa kita akan mengerjakan puasa pada hari esok.
  • Menahan diri daripada segala yang membatalkan semenjak terbit fajar sampai terbenam matahari.

    PERKARA YANG MEMBATALKAN PUASA
  • Makan dan minum dengan sengaja
  • Muntah dengan sengaja
  • Bersetubuh tanpa keluar mani pada siang hari bulan Ramadhan
  • Keluar darah haid atau nifas
  • Gila
  • Keluar mani akibat bersetubuh dengan perempuan. Tetapi keluar mani kerana bermimpi tidak membatalkan puasa.

    ORANG YANG DIIZINKAN BERBUKA ATAU TIDAK BERPUASA
  • Orang yang sakit
  • Orang yang dalam perjalanan jarak jauh melebihi 52 batu atau 80.64 km.
  • Orang tua yang sudah lemah
  • Orang yang hamil dan orang yang menyusukan anak.

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